Paani Foundation has created this special series of illustrated Marathi books to make the science of watershed management more approachable and accessible. The methods of creating watershed structures have been presented here in a detailed yet simple manner.

These e-versions are open for all and available to download at no cost. Do write to us at, and share your experience of using these books.

How to Make a Jalyantra at Home

Marking Contour Lines using a Jalyantra

Contour Bunds

Measuring Slope without a Hydromarker

Repairing Earthen Dams

Compartment Bunds

Graded Contour Bunds

Recharging a Well

Stop Burning Crop Residues


Small Earthen Dam

Soak Pit

Make a Hydromarker Yourself

Calculating the Slope and Vertical Interval of a Plot of Land

Making a Contour Line

C.C.T. (Continuous Contour Trenches)

Deep C.C.T. (Continuous Contour Trenches)

L.B.S. (Loose Boulder Structure)

Guidelines for Machine Work

Soil Testing